Word of Mouth: When are oral modifications of written agreements binding? Part IV – Equitable Estoppel

Equitable estoppel differs from promissory estoppel in that whereas promissory estoppel requires a clear, unambiguous promise, equitable estoppel may be established by conduct alone. To establish a claim of equitable estoppel, three elements must be established: (1) conduct which amounts to a false representation or concealment of material facts; (2) intention that such conduct will […]